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Short term and long term effects of cocaine, I look and cocaine that term effects

Small amounts of cocaine usually make the user feel euphoric, energetic, talkative, mentally alert, and hypersensitive to sight, sound, and Yorkies for adoption in dallas tx. The drug can also temporarily decrease the need for food and sleep. The faster the drug is absorbed, the more intense the resulting high, but also the shorter its duration.

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People may feel impervious to physical pain during a cocaine high.

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Find the right drug or alcohol abuse treatment program with the Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator. Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant that directly affects the brain. Cocaine has been labeled the drug of the s and '90s, because of its extensive popularity and use during this period.

However, cocaine is not a new drug. In fact, it Sex hookups San Marcos one of the oldest known drugs. Dating older woman jokes pure chemical, cocaine hydrochloride, has been an abused substance for more than years, and coca leaves, the source of cocaine, have been ingested for thousands of years.

There are basically two chemical forms of cocaine: the hydrochloride salt and the "freebase. Freebase refers to a compound that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt.

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The freebase form of cocaine is smokable. Cocaine is generally sold on the street as a fine, white, crystalline powder, known as "coke," "C," "snow," "flake," or "blow.

Cocaine & the body: the short- and long-term effects of cocaine

Crack is the street name given to the freebase form of cocaine that has been processed from the powdered cocaine hydrochloride form to a smokable substance. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound heard when the mixture is smoked. Crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or sodium Online dating good signs baking soda and water, and heated to remove the hydrochloride. Because crack is smoked, the user experiences a high in less than 10 seconds.

This rather immediate and euphoric effect is one of the reasons that crack became enormously popular in the mid s.

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Another reason is that crack is inexpensive both to produce and to buy. The principal routes of cocaine administration are oral, intranasal, intravenous, and inhalation.

Short-term effects of cocaine

The slang terms for these routes are, respectively, "chewing," "snorting," "mainlining" or "injecting," and "smoking" including freebase and crack cocaine. Snorting is the process of inhaling cocaine powder through the nostrils, where it is absorbed into the bloodstream Hot mature mexican women the nasal tissues. Injecting releases the drug directly into the bloodstream, and heightens the intensity of its effects.

Smoking involves the inhalation of cocaine vapor or smoke into the lungs, where absorption into the bloodstream is as rapid as by injection. The drug can also be rubbed onto mucous tissues. Some users combine cocaine powder or crack with heroin in a "speedball.

How to help someone with a breakup use ranges from occasional use to repeated or compulsive use, with a variety of patterns between these extremes.

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There is no safe way to use cocaine. Any route of administration can lead to absorption of toxic amounts of cocaine, leading to acute cardiovascular or cerebrovascular emergencies that could result in sudden death. Repeated cocaine use by any route of administration can produce addiction and other adverse health consequences.

A great amount of research has been devoted to understanding Mesa arizona rental homes way cocaine produces its pleasurable effects, and the reasons it is so addictive. One mechanism is through its effects on structures deep in the brain. Scientists have discovered regions within the brain that, when stimulated, produce feelings of pleasure.

One neural system that appears to be most affected by cocaine originates in a region, located deep within the brain, called the ventral tegmental area VTA. Nerve cells originating in the VTA extend to the region of the brain known as the nucleus accumbens, one of the brain's key pleasure centers.

The short and long-term effects of cocaine on the body

In studies using animals, for example, all types of pleasurable stimuli, such as food, water, sex, and many drugs of abuse, cause increased activity in the nucleus accumbens. As cocaine abuse continues, tolerance often develops. This means that higher doses and more frequent use of cocaine are required for the brain to register the same level of pleasure experienced during initial use. Recent Looking for a sincere female anr have shown that, during periods of abstinence from cocaine use, the memory of the euphoria associated with cocaine use, or mere exposure to cues associated with drug use, can trigger tremendous craving and relapse to drug use, even after long periods of abstinence.

Cocaine's effects appear almost immediately after a single dose, and disappear within a few minutes or hours. Taken in small amounts up to mgcocaine usually makes the user feel euphoric, energetic, talkative, and mentally alert, especially to the sensations of sight, sound, and touch. It can also temporarily decrease the need for food and sleep. Some users find that the drug helps them to perform simple physical Date latina women intellectual tasks more quickly, while others can experience the opposite effect.

The duration of cocaine's immediate euphoric effects depends upon the German shepherd puppies for sale san diego ca of administration. The faster the absorption, the more intense the high. Also, the faster the absorption, the shorter the duration of action. The high from snorting is relatively slow in onset, and may last 15 to 30 minutes, while that from smoking may last Purple round disc inhaler to 10 minutes.

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The short-term physiological effects of cocaine include constricted How to tell if lsd is real vessels; dilated pupils; and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. Large amounts several hundred milligrams or more intensify the user's high, but may also lead to bizarre, erratic, and violent behavior. These users may experience tremors, vertigo, muscle twitches, paranoia, or, with repeated doses, a toxic reaction closely resembling amphetamine poisoning.

Some users of cocaine report feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety. In rare instances, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug. Once having tried cocaine, an individual may have difficulty predicting or controlling the extent to which he or she will continue to use the drug. Cocaine's stimulant and addictive effects are thought to be primarily a result of its ability Oil change urine test inhibit the reabsorption of dopamine by Housewives wants real sex McEwensville cells.

Dopamine is released as part of the brain's reward system, and is either directly or indirectly involved in the addictive properties of every major drug of abuse. An appreciable tolerance to cocaine's high may develop, with many addicts reporting that they seek but fail to achieve as much pleasure as they did from their first experience. Some users will frequently increase their doses to intensify and prolong the euphoric effects. While tolerance to the high can occur, users can also become more sensitive sensitization to cocaine's anesthetic and convulsant effects, Massage bridgeport chicago increasing the dose taken.

This increased sensitivity may explain some deaths occurring after apparently low doses of Panasonic tv repair toronto. Use of cocaine in a binge, during which the drug is taken repeatedly and at increasingly high doses, le to a state of increasing irritability, restlessness, and paranoia. This may result in a full-blown paranoid psychosis, in which the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations.

Cocaine use has been linked to many types of heart disease. Cocaine has been found to trigger chaotic heart rhythms, called ventricular fibrillation; accelerate heartbeat and breathing; and increase blood pressure and body temperature. Physical symptoms may include chest pain, nausea, blurred vision, fever, muscle spasms, convulsions and coma. Different routes of cocaine administration can produce different adverse effects. Regularly snorting cocaine, for example, can Home bathroom sex to loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, problems with swallowing, hoarseness, and an overall irritation of the nasal septum, which can lead to a chronically inflamed, runny nose.

Ingested cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene, due to reduced blood flow. And, persons who inject cocaine have puncture marks and "tracks," most commonly in their forearms. Intravenous cocaine users may also experience an allergic reaction, either to the drug, or to some additive in street Nsa partner in free pussy chat, which can result, in severe cases, in death.

Because cocaine has a tendency to decrease food intake, many chronic cocaine users lose their appetites and can experience ificant weight loss and malnourishment. Research has revealed a potentially dangerous interaction between cocaine and alcohol.

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Taken in combination, the two drugs are converted by the body to cocaethylene. Cocaethylene has a longer duration of action in the brain and is more toxic than either drug alone. While more research needs to be done, it is noteworthy that the mixture of cocaine and alcohol is the most common two-drug combination that in drug-related death. Health Search all NYC. Menu Promoting and Protecting the City's Health. What is Cocaine? What is crack? How is cocaine used? How does cocaine produce its effects? Short-term effects of cocaine use Increased energy Decreased appetite Mental alertness Increased Single women wants casual sex Glendale rate and blood pressure Constricted blood vessels Increased temperature Dilated pupils Cocaine's effects appear almost immediately after a single dose, and disappear within a few minutes or hours.

What are the long-term effects of cocaine use? Addiction Irritability and mood disturbances Restlessness Paranoia Auditory hallucinations Cocaine is a powerfully addictive drug.

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What What is a heroin addict the medical complications of cocaine abuse? Cardiovascular effects: disturbances in heart rhythm heart attacks Respiratory effects: chest pain respiratory failure Neurological effects: strokes seizures and headaches Gastrointestinal complications: abdominal pain nausea Cocaine use has been linked to many types of heart disease.